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Mainstream, VOL LVIII No 24, New Delhi, May 30, 2020

Ready for a Grave New World?

Saturday 30 May 2020, by T J S George



Virus cannot beat humour. A fun story circulating on the internet is titled «Class of 2025.» A delightfully strict school teacher calls out her class attendance ... Quarantine Joshi, Lockdown Singh Rathore, Covid Awasthi, Corona Pal Singh, Social Distan Singh, Mask Mahto, Gloves Gaekwad, Wuhan Bhadoria. When Wuhan does not respond, she warns: «Wuhan! You and Covid are very naughty. Get out of my class.» She admits in motherly style that her favourite student is Atmanirbharan Kelawala.

  Humour helps us survive man-made catastrophes. But it does not erase reality. The reality we face today is that coronavirus is going to change the world and our concepts of living. The lifestyle changes that have already become routine — wearing masks, avoiding crowds — are by no mean temporary adjustments to cope with a temporary problem. That, from now on, is life. Pity those who have to cough or sneeze. They might do it with utmost care, but others will see it as antisocial and unforgivable.

  Of course some things never change. Governments never admit, for example, that they are liable to make mistakes. All governments believe that they know best and that their actions are wise. Demonetisation? To this day the Narendra Modi school of thought is convinced about its correctness. Corona lockdown? To this day the aforesaid school of thought sees nothing wrong in announcing the lockdown on 4 hours notice.

  To this sense of righteousness and infallibility Shrimati Nirmala Sitaraman brings a stamp of authority that only she can. She likes to do things her way. Remember her carrying budget papers not in the traditional budget briefcase but in a cloth bundle? To give details of the Rs. 20 lakh crore stimulus package, she took five days to explain five aspects of the new policy. Stretching things out that long, she must have thought that people would lose track of things and she could get away by doing the opposite of what she was saying.

  She was saying that atmanirbharan, self-reliance, was the heart of the Government’s economic policies. But what she was doing was handing things over to foreign private sector — reliance on others, not on self. India’s defence itself is no exception; 74 percent of defence manufacture can now be owned by foreigners, instead of 49 percent as before. The 20-lakh crore turned out to be a chimera. As news reports said, few welcomed the concept behind it while some felt ignored by the package. That was the sum total of Sitaraman’s concept of «new horizons of growth, unleashing new investment, boosting production and creating jobs.»

  It was no surprise, then, that the march of the corona virus was not checked by any of the actions taken by the Government. In fact the virus spread during the lockdown because decision-makers ignored technical advice. Experts had proposed the scaling up of testing, getting hospitals ready, working out guidelines and protocols. As they saw it, lockdown was not even the most important solution to the problem. Yet the Government put all emphasis on lockdown, perhaps for its drama effect.

  According to the Covid-19 task force, even the implementation of lockdown was unscientifically done. By the time lockdown was given a third extension it was clear that the initiative had failed to produce the desired results because it did not take into account the suggestions of the task force. The net result was that, despite keeping 1.3 billion people under lockdown, India recorded more than one lakh confirmed cases, becoming the covid epicentre in the Asia-Pacific region, overtaking China itself.

  Heavier has been the political price. In any country lockdown is an opportunity for single-party, single-leader ambitious to rise. In the name of protecting public interests, leaders find it easy to promote private interests. The Modi Government, already given to concentration of power in one leader, is now in a situation that allows still more authoritarianism. Remember, there is no Parliament, no formal channels to provide space for alternate voices. Those in power are firmly entrenched.

  To project the head of government as a messiah is useful. But it is unlikely to help us meet the unprecedented challenges that have suddenly come up as threats. The economy is in tatters because social as well as business factors have changed — for ever. Travel, for example, is a dead industry and 70 percent of hotels in India stare at closure in the next month or two. It’s a grave new world which needs a new kind of leadership and a new kind of vision. Where are they?

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